Engineering and Competition Highlights
Prototype and two production units successfully designed, built and tested.
First Indian motorcycles, featuring innovative belt-drives and streamlined styling, sold to public.
Indian co-founder and chief engineer Oscar Hedstrom sets world motorcycle speed record (56mph).
Crimson Steed of Steel paint scheme introduced; Indian wins Gold Medal for Mechanical Excellence at St. Louis Exposition
Indian releases first American production V-Twin after several years of development and testing; 101 years later V-Twin remains most popular cruiser-motorcycle engine design
New York Police Department selects Indians for first motorcycle police unit
Indian "loop frame" positions gas tank on front horizontal frame member, other makers eventually follow suit; basic configuration still used by virtually all motorcycles.
Indian sweeps top three positions in first Isle of Man Mountain Course Race
First swingarm and leaf-spring rear suspension in the industry is introduced.
Indian debuts world's first motorcycle with electric lights and starter; Cannonball Baker sets cross-country speed record on an Indian V-Twin
61-cubic-inch Powerplus side-valve engine is introduced
An overhead cam, four-valve-per-cylinder Powerplus racing motorcycle tops 120 mph
First use of semi-monocoque engine/transmission/frame construction; Indian Scout introduced
Indian becomes first company in America to use "leakproof" aluminum primary cases; competition retains leaks for decades.
74-cubic-inch Big Chief V-Twin introduced
Four-cylinder Indian Ace introduced.
Indian Rider Ed "Iron Man" Kretz wins inaugural Daytona 200; Indian introduces first motorcycles with dual carburetors
Indian pioneers use of "plunger" (spring coupled to an oil-dampened shaft) rear suspension; introduces trademark full-skirt fenders (aka valences).
Indian begins production of advanced shaft-drive, four-speed military motorcycle
Indian wins Army-Navy Production Award
First Daytona 200 held on new beach/road course won by Indian rider Floyd Emde